Haiti's role in the independence of Latin American countries
Did you Know
Publié le 2016-03-03 | Le Nouvelliste
Many aren’t aware that without Haiti’s help, many countries in Latin America would not have obtained their independence. Simon Bolivar arrived in Haiti in December 1815 downtrodden and accompanied by Venezuelan families and soldiers after being badly trampled by the Spaniards in Cartagena, Bolivia as he attempted to free South American countries which are now Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, modern Bolivia.
Upon his arrival in Les Cayes, he was desperate and sought refuge and help to conquer the Spanish Army. President Alexandre Pétion, Southern Ruler, agreed to help Bolivar and his associates. The only condition he demanded what that he freed slaves in all the countries which became independent. They stayed in Les Cayes long enough to heal and regroup. During their stay (3 months), President Pétion gave them shelter and food.
When they were leaving, President Pétion gave them 4,000 rifles, gunpowder, cartridges, food and a printing press. Because Bolivar loved women and the war did not stop him from having dalliances, it is said that he made tactical errors and returned to Haiti after six months.
President Pétion was the President of Haiti, and again he helped Bolivar and when they were leaving the island in December 1816, the President gave him not only supplies but Haitian soldiers. About 300 of them.
Bolivar's fight was not easy, it was rather very difficult, but ultimately he successfully obtained the independence of modern-day north-west Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, northern Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Bolivia. As promised to Pétion, Simon Bolivar abolished slavery in those territories
The agreement between President Pétion and Bolivar was kept secret because Haiti’s assistance would have been considered an act of war by the U.S. and Spain.
By Rachele Viard